Kampala is Uganda’s capital city and economic center. It is also the largest urban center in Uganda, with a population of 2 million people. Endowed with diversity of ethnic groups, blossoming economy, and its warm and friendly people, Kampala offers a wonderful introduction of Uganda.
Kampala is the largest city and the capital of Uganda. It is located in the south central part of the country close to the shores of Lake Victoria. Formerly the capital of the Buganda kingdom until the 20th century, the rolling hills and lush wetlands, made it an ideal habitat for game most notably the impala which is a clan in the antelope family, thus taking on the name Kampala. Kampala is located on 68 sq miles of land, 5 sq miles of water and lies 3,904 feet above sea level
Kampala is built close to the shores of Lake Victoria, the world’s second largest fresh-water lake and the source of Nile River. English, Swahili and Luganda are the predominant languages spoken in the streets of Kampala.
The world’s second largest fresh-water lake, with 68,000 sq. km. Lake Victoria lies at an altitude of 1133m and is widely accepted to be the main source of the Nile, as it receives more water as rainfall than all its combined tributaries provide. Rivers from large areas of Western Kenya, Northern Tanzania, Burundi and Rwanda gather in this shallow (only 80m deep) lake and begin, as Victoria Nile, their 6000km journey to the Mediterranean Sea. The lake’s high rate of evaporation due to its location on the Equator makes this immense body of water a major factor in the local climate.
In the morning the area is usually cloudy, but during the day the sky clears up. The northern, Ugandan shore is characterized by countless small and larger islands and long, finger-like peninsulas.
In between, swampy bays reach deep into the mainland, their Papyrus-swamps providing a preferred habitat for the Sitatunga-Antelope.
Small fishing villages along the shore signify the importance of this trade, with the huge Nile perches, the tasty Tilapia and the tiny Omena being the main catches.
The imported Water-Hyacinth has become a major menace to the fishermen – it spreads quickly across the lake, blocks jetty’s and beaches and damages the nets. Bilharzias is a problem too: swimming is only recommended far from any reeds.
The lake shore is highly indented, and there are many isles in the lake, some of which, especially the Ssese Group, are known for their beautiful landscape, health resorts and sightseeing places. Abundant prehistoric remains found around the lake indicate the early development of agriculture.